Preventing and treating pigmentation spots

03 april 2024 - Skincare

More then 21% of all consults at the dermatologist is for hyper pigmentation. How do pigment disorders arise and how can they be treated?


What is pigment?

Pigment is in fact a colouring agent that is produced by cells in the epidermis or melanin. Pigment is responsible for the color of your skin, but also for the color of your hair and the iris of your eyes.   

Melanin absorbs UV radiation and thus protects the skin from sun damage. Pigment therefore has a protective function. Dark skin absorbs as much as 25% more UV rays than white skin. People with dark skin does not have more melanocytes (pigment cells) than people with light skin, but the pigment granules are larger, and more pigment granules are released. 

How do pigmentation spots developed?

In the event of a disturbance of the skin, such as too much exposure to the sun, the pigment cells can become “confused” and therefore start to accumulate pigment in one place. This creates a pigment spot.   

Other causes   
However, the sun is not the only culprit, there are many causes for the formation of pigment spots, such as: 

• Damage to the skin (e.g. abrasions, cuts, etc.) 
• Hormonal changes (e.g. starting or stopping with the pill, menopause, pregnancy)  
• Chronic heat (e.g. electric blanket)  
• Chronic pressure (e.g, tight belt or brastraps)
• Inflammation (e.g. acne)  
• Genetic (e.g. freckle
• Medication (e.g. antibiotics) 
• Fototoxic reaction (e.g. bergamot oil) 
• Aging 
Should I keep an eye on this?    

It is good not to wait until pigmentation spots have appeared, but to pay attention to protecting your skin early on.  Sun damage is 'stored in the skin': damage sustained in your youth can cause problems later in life.    

How to treat pigmentation spots

There are 2 types of treatments for hyperpigmentation. Chemical or vegetal treatment.  
Chemical bleaching agents, which often contain hydroquinone, make the skin a lot lighter. But, hydroquinone has many negative side effects. For example, it can cause allergic reactions and worsen pigmentation. That is why the use of hydroquinone is prohibited in many countries, including ours.    

Plant base ingredients that lighten the skin are safer and just as effective, as long as they are used consistently. Examples of such substances are: licorice, bearberry (arbutin), rice, kiwi and mulberry. They are often combined with lactic acid and vitamin C. In addition, it protects the skin against sun damage and regulates the formation of melanin. 

Which products should I use?  

Use a product with a sunscreen of at least SPF 30 every day.

LOOkX Sun fluid SPF 50 prevents pigmentation, protects the skin from the aging UVA radiation, soothes the skin and offers protection against air pollution thanks to the addition of a unique plant stem cell extract from the tomato plant. 

The LOOkX Smart 4-in-1 protection primer is also a real must-have. In addition to infrared protection, the skin is also protected against air pollution, blue light from your devices and skin aging.   
You can lighten up existing pigment spots with the LOOkX Derma daily cleanser with 3% glycolic acid and the LOOkX Derma Skin polish pads enriched with a cocktail of fruit acids.  

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What are pigment spots and how do they form?
Answer: Pigment spots are dark discolorations on the skin caused by an overproduction of melanin, the pigment that gives our skin its color. They can be caused by exposure to the sun, hormonal changes, skin injuries, and aging.

How can I prevent pigment spots?
Answer: To prevent pigment spots, it's important to regularly apply sunscreen with a high SPF, especially during sun exposure. Additionally, avoiding excessive sun exposure, wearing protective clothing, and using antioxidant-rich skincare products can help prevent pigment spots.

How can I adjust my skincare routine to treat pigment spots?
Answer: To treat pigment spots, it's important to follow a skincare routine focused on reducing hyperpigmentation. This may include using skincare products containing ingredients such as vitamin C, niacinamide, retinol, and alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) to brighten the skin and stimulate cell renewal.